Looking out to 2015, anticipation is swirling about the Panama Canal's expansion and impact on U.S. trade. Among southeastern ports and shippers, that wave of anticipation has already made landfall.
As larger vessels make their way through the expanded section of the Panama Canal, experts weigh the influence of the canal’s new capacity on global shipping.
The expansion of the Panama Canal promises significant changes in trade patterns and increased global trade. Here are three ways companies can leverage this opportunity.
Here's why the Panama Canal expansion is set to spur a realignment in which eastern ports take on a new and larger role in the continental supply chain.
The Panama Canal expansion, completed on June 26, 2016, will have an ever-widening impact on cargo flow across North America. Here's how the culmination of this decade-long expansion project will rewrite the rules of shipping.
As the demand for supply chain efficiency and speed rises, companies are investing in intermodal rail infrastructure and repairs throughout the United States.
Due to the Panama Canal expansion, the country is quickly being crowned the business capital of Latin America.
Inbound Logistics dredges up data on the leading U.S. container hubs.
The pursuit of perfection may seem an impossible goal. But, with the right combination of key elements, four regions in the United States have achieved logistics greatness.
Having a Master Plan in place at your port makes operations more efficient, and makes the port more attractive to prospective partners.
Martin Associates report points to the importance of continuing U.S. port investment; Henry Ford College introduces associates degree in supply chain management; Freight Can't Wait program encourages Congress to earmark funding exclusively for freight infrastructure projects; Manufacturers are finding better ways to engineer and prototype products using 3D printing technology; McDonald's pledges to lessen impact on global deforestation throughout its entire supply chain.
United States and Canada are investing $7 billion in the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence system; Changing political relations between the United States and Cuba could signal new trade opportunities; UK faces a truck driver shortage among younger people; Panama approves new port development
North Korea,South Korea,and Russia team up to test new trade partnership,GS1 global registry sets new standard with 15 million products,Middle East airports face growing congestion problem,Puerto Rico makes Panama Canal transshipment play with Port of the Americas project,Britain introduces supply chain slavery bill.
UPS makes major improvements to save Christmas; PANYNJ invests $5.5 billion to streamline port operations
Determining the best location for a new or expanding business in an increasingly competitive and global marketplace is challenging. These locations offer a number of advantages when it comes to meeting today’s logistics and supply chain needs.
Leverage Panama’s developments into your distribution hub for a more streamlined, efficient, and profitable bottom line.
Georgia offers manufacturers and distributors superior access to logistics providers and transportation infrastructure.
China and Taiwan depend on one another; Emirates targets multimodal transportation infrastructure investment; Chile port strike ends, concerns remain; Free online returns stoke Canadian consumption but place onus on U.S. retailers; Europe looks to United States for re-shoring inspiration; Mondelez debuts new GS1 standard
Investing in port infrastructure allows long-term job creation so the U.S. can lead in international trade and commerce.
Geography, transportation infrastructure, and a strong distribution sector make Memphis a natural logistics hub.
News briefs: U.S. Ports Dig Panama Gold, Reducing the Carton Footprint, SaaS to the Rescue, BNSF Brings Shortlines On Line, Truckers Tackle Credit Crunch
An interview with Donald Broughton about freight flow and the economy; report details how private investment could improve nation’s aging infrastructure; research finds almost two-thirds of transport organizations are pursuing Industrial IoT to improve environmental footprint; new report finds 75 percent of manufacturing workers don’t harbor concern for their job security amid the rise of new technologies; Port of Baltimore welcomes the largest containership ever to visit Maryland; TECSYS offers five ways to start cutting supply chain costs
The preparations made by Florida seaports allowed them to perform efficiently and safely before, during, and after Hurricane Irma.
FedEx and UPS form an unlikely alliance.
Supply chain infrastructure is rebuilding itself, below the surface where only logisticians can see it.
The Trump administration plans on expanding transportation infrastructure while reforming traffic control and cutting the Department of Transportation’s budget by nearly 13 percent.
Port Everglades' three low-profile Super Post Panamax container-handling gantry cranes will meet demands from current customers and new services anticipated from the port's expansion program.
Larger vessels and additional container services calling Georgia's ports coupled with a positive economic forecast ushered in an all-time record month for container volume.
A new report details the challenges and opportunities around infrastructure reform in America.
Broward County's Port Everglades received unanimous approval from the Broward County Board of County Commissioners to begin a $437.5 million expansion project to add new berths for larger cargo ships and install crane rail infrastructure for new Super Post-Panamax cranes.
The public marine terminals of the Helen Delich Bentley Port of Baltimore got off to a fast start in 2017 by posting a record first quarter with 2.5 tons of general cargo.
Spring cargo numbers from the St. Lawrence Seaway and U.S. ports are signaling a better year for Great Lakes-Seaway shipping. According to the latest figures from the St. Lawrence Seaway, total cargo shipments via the Seaway from the start of the shipping season (March 20 through April 30) reached 3.7 million metric tons, up 8% from the same period a year ago.
South Carolina Ports Authority had its strongest April container volumes on record, with 189,315 twenty foot-equivalent units (TEUs) handled last month. In addition to being the strongest April in SCPA history, last month’s volumes were the second-highest ever handled by the Port.
The raised bridge allows the world's ultra-large, environmentally friendly container vessels to pass beneath the span, gaining access to the Ports of Newark, Elizabeth, and Staten Island.
Every four years, the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) issues an Infrastructure Report Card that thoroughly analyzes and grades U.S. infrastructure in the form of a school report card.
Freight railroads frustrated by lack of federal funding to bolster private initiatives; trucking industry posts fifth straight month of driver employment growth after a three month year-on-year decline; Warehouse Management System market to garner $3.112 million globally by 2022, supply chain professionals point to cyber security and changing trade regulations as top concerns in 2017.
From location to infrastructure and from workforce to technology, Georgia sets the pace in the logistics race.
Trump Administration makes infrastructure a priority; top locations and methods for cargo theft, 2017 State of the North American Supply Chain survey.
Inland ports provide shippers with new global trade strategies and relief from capacity issues facing North America’s deepwater container ports.
Supply chain professionals are concerned: Would the new president implement the protectionist measures he campaigned on, or were those statements made primarily to appeal to an audience? Here are four supply chain predictions.
Having all supply chain players connected to an intelligent cargo system maximizes the use of port infrastructure and keeps everyone informed on the “where is my cargo?” question. Accessing and sharing information on cargo through new technologies will not only smooth flows but it will also secure them.
South Korean ocean liner Hanjin Shipping files for bankruptcy protection in a dozen countries; Few respondents to a GT Nexus survey say they have a chief supply chain officer on hand who would be equipped to deal with supply chain disruptions; Maersk splits its transportation and oil businesses
Effectively mitigate demurrage and detention fees by taking an integrated approach to logistics, contract management, and supply chain visibility using a global trade management system.
The winter of 2013-14 disrupted the intermodal shipping industry in North America, causing service problems and impeding growth. However, intermodal now offers a number of attractive advantages for shippers, particularly as rail operations pour resources into their intermodal efforts to strengthen service and compete with trucking. Sites that specialize in intermodal utilize innovations to streamline the process and apply new resources to make for an increasingly efficient and effective distribution process.
Shippers will be feeling the ripple effects of Hanjin Shipping’s bankruptcy for weeks or months to come. Here's how looking at a past disruption can inform strategies for this current backlog.
Presidential nominee stances on transportation infrastructure; New truck standards aim to reduce U.S. carbon emissions; Staffing Agencies and Colleges Work to Make Certain the Supply Chain Stays Supplied
The September 2016 Intermodal EXPO provides the setting for a thoughtful discussion on the ocean shipping sector: its prospects and how it impacts the intermodal industry.
When shippers pair an import transport move with an export transport move inland, without returning empty to the port, they get a matchback or street-turn. Optimizing these street-turns can improve supply chains.
U.S.-Canada cross-border trade continues to be a mutually beneficial partnership between nations with a long history of friendship.
The Panama Canal expansion is finally complete. How will the increased capacity of this global maritime crossroads play out in your shipping and logistics strategy?
Using an import express less-than-container service, particularly from China, offers cost savings and faster transit times over traditional consolidated LCL services.
Nikola Motor Company announces electric class-8 semi truck; FASTLANE grants aim to improve nation’s infrastructure; In spite of rate-driven financial gains for carriers, utilization drop is evident in most recent transportation industry analysis
These ports have utilized various initiatives to ensure the ultimate impact of sustainability outweighs its costs.
Smart, connected cities are closer than you think; Inevitable minimum wage hike has supply chain implications
Profile of Jamie Overley, CEO of East Coast Warehouse and Distribution
A predicted freight slowdown stalls driver wage increases for 2016; President Obama proposes oil tax to fund infrastructure; Logistics trends of 2016
The use of intermodal transportation by shippers continues to grow. Here’s how shippers use intermodal to cut costs and mitigate risk.
From well-designed redundancies across intermodal shipping methods to creative solutions when the unexpected happens, Georgia’s logistics industry is positioned to help shippers connect, compete, and grow.
This story follows the progress of an intermodal container during its three-day, round the clock trip from the Port of Los Angeles/Long Beach to a distribution center in Dallas.
It's important to stay up to date on supply chain and logistics developments. Here's a list of books on wide ranging topics.
As the Panama Canal's $5.25-billion expansion nears completion, how are shippers and ports preparing?
The Port of Lewiston, Port of Clarkston, and Port of Whitman County—also known as the Pioneer Ports—are positioned to offer reduced shipping costs to companies purchasing goods from Pacific Rim suppliers.
Tim Thoma, international logistics and compliance manager at Northern Tool and Equipment, is responsible for moving product purchased from overseas.
Railroads, ocean carriers, and ports are investing in new equipment and technology innovation to move freight from trucks to rails and attract intermodal shippers.
Missouri is attracting the attention of nationwide shippers looking for a strategic Midwest location. Read more to find out what makes the state such a great host.
Temporary bills and lack of investment threaten the future of U.S. roads, bridges, tunnel, and rail infrastructure.
Latin American perishable exports have grown dramatically in recent years, but there are still some logistical shortcomings preventing maximum cold chain efficiency.
The shortage of qualified drivers threatens the continued growth of the intermodal industry.
Automatic Identification System (AIS) can provide analytics that enable companies to more accurately predict ship arrival times.
Port of Hamburg unveils new traffic light system; CEVA Logistics TireCity in Italy demonstrates interest in sector-specific supply chain collaboration; China debuts longest freight rail route in the world; TPP agreement raises concerns about traceability in the seafood supply chain; Africa capital investment heats up; New G6 Alliance rotation features Polish port; Indian 3PL uses containers as mobile logistics classrooms; Intel eyes Asia for IoT ecosystem.
The Panama Canal expansion will provide many businesses with opportunities for growth on a global scale.
Short-term Highway Trust Fund extension renews call for national transportation strategy; Medical cost inflation and cyber risk are the most prying business concerns; Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach create shared working groups to explore operational efficiencies; GS1 Simple Product Listing creates new standard for e-commerce marketplace
Vehicle-to-Vehicle communications and Vehicle-to-Infrastructure technologies will revolutionize transportation by making our road system safer, more efficient, and less dependent upon the human element for effective decision-making.
In today's high-speed logistics infrastructure, rail represents a key component of the intermodal framework.
Facing a number of challenges and constraints, the global port industry is addressing concerns and capitalizing on new opportunities.
United Kingdom establishes national training center for fracking; China and Jamaica team up on logistics training initiatives; UK port constraints push freight flows north; Middle East air cargo carriers show robust growth
As the Panama Canal expansion nears completion, several trends and trade dynamics will determine the impact on U.S. shippers and consignees.
Latin America is fast becoming the destination of choice for companies looking to expand their global footprint, and 3PLs with knowledge and regional expertise will be valuable partners.
As intermodal grows, so do its challenges. Increasing cargo volumes create bottlenecks and congestion; while the capacity shortage has everyone scrambling. How are shippers and service providers coping? This article helps solve the dilemma.
Creative use of intermodal and multimodal options enables cost-effective transportation, boosts capacity, and reduces highway congestion delays.
Memphis supports global supply chains through highway, rail, airport, and inland port assets, and a qualified workforce.
OSHA issues updates to its Hazard Communication Standard; HP’s Dave Thomas addresses the importance of data quality; Ohio Trucking Association debuts military exhibition class at truck driving competition; Companies fail to use procurement in a strategic way; Shippers planning ahead for labor disruptions.
DB Schenker tests silent brake blocks; India changes policy for e-commerce foreign investment; Canada opens Customs Self Assessment preferences to U.S. shippers; Global steamship lines raise rates; European ports struggle with congestion and larger ships
Cross-border import and export trade between the United States and Canada requires planning and expertise.
Port of Los Angeles targets $3 billion for infrastructure investment; Montreal-based Fednav uses drones to scout shipping conditions; U.S. manufacturing renaissance faces a skilled labor shortage; Apple tops Gartner’s Top 25 Supply Chain list for the seventh consecutive year.
Alaska’s extreme weather and geography create logistics challenges for shippers moving cargo to, from, and in the state.
New Jersey’s salty tale misplaces blame on the Jones Act; UPS unveils new hazmat shipping protocol; Automakers collaborate to map the auto supply chain
Companies make contingency plans to prepare for possible supply chain disruptions caused by port labor negotiations.
Rapid changes in the chassis market mean shippers must ensure they are creating value from the chassis they use.
Selecting sites for manufacturing and DC facilities involves tax incentives, suppliers, and logistics providers.
Foreign Trade Zones can help global shippers cut operational costs and speed customs clearance for imports and exports.
The 2013 Rail Trends conference addressed issues of rail safety and regulation.
Global dry-bulk commodity trade reveals rate growth, steadying inflation in China; Preparations for 2022 World Cup trigger DC explosion in Qatar; Supplier risk analysis will become more complex as companies expand into new global markets; Pakistani protests force U.S. military drawdown to consider $1 billion airfreight alternative; Asia truck bans taking toll on logistics industry; Africa’s piracy problem shifting to continent’s west coast; Trans-Pacific Partnership pact stalls, 2014 ratification expected; China’s Nicaraguan Canal stirs intrigue; Tesco acquires stake in “Asia’s Amazon”
The Panama Canal expansion, opening in 2015, may alter shippers' sourcing and routing decisions.
Ocean shipping lines have made significant progress to optimize operations, leading to reduced costs and environmental impact.
Regulatory compliance is top supply chain challenge for healthcare executives; Ohio’s transportation funding plan pays dividends with bridge repair program; GM saves $40 million a year by co-locating stamping and assembly facilities; Collaboration is the key to sustained procurement savings; U.S. domestic intermodal surpasses international as growth driver.
Inbound Logistics recently joined Flanders Investment & Trade on a tour of Belgium’s ports and distribution facilities.
The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act steps up surety bond requirements for freight brokers.
U.S. industry confronts a failing transportation system and looming capacity crunch. New legislation may help.
Transporting goods via truck and rail services offers shippers economy and efficiency benefits. Site selection teams evaluating intermodal sites also consider factors such as labor, transportation infrastructure, and utility costs.
Jacksonville, Florida’s transportation infrastructure, skilled workforce, and available land makes it an attractive site for businesses siting new locations for logistics services and manufacturing, writes Michael Breen of JAXUSA Partnership.
Logistics providers operating in Alaska brave rough terrain and extreme weather conditions to serve the state’s residents and industries, which include seafood, oil and gas, and timber.
Transloading shipments allows shippers to reduce touches and costs, and create greater flexibility to respond to changing demand in global shipments.
The United States lags behind other nations in transportation policy and infrastructure funding, writes Inbound Logistics Publisher Keith Biondo.
As Panama Canal expansion nears completion, global shippers gain a viable alternative for shipping ocean cargo from Asia to U.S. East Coast and Gulf Coast ports.
Ports must take a proactive role in managing the supply chain so it runs as efficiently as possible, writes Kevin Doherty of Montreal Gateway Terminals Partnership.
Increasing demand for U.S. goods in Canada represents a positive sign for the economies of both countries. But keeping cross-border shipments moving requires building smart and savvy logistics partnerships.
Many state governments support transportation and logistics infrastructure development and legislation that facilitate business retention, investment, and expansion. Economic development efforts in Virginia, Iowa, Idaho, Utah, and Wisconsin demonstrate a variety of approaches to supporting in-state businesses.
Shipping products to and within Alaska poses challenges and presents opportunities for transportation service providers such as Carlile Transportation Systems, Lynden Logistics, and Alaska Air Cargo.
Today's supply chain professionals are tough, practical, and undeterred by the specter of failure, writes Inbound Logistics Publisher Keith Biondo.
The Department of Transportation's third set of Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery (TIGER) grants provides funding for a range of projects.
The logistics sector is using new approaches, mandates, and technologies to support global supply chain security.
Demand for industrial real estate near U.S. seaports is outpacing demand for industrial sites in general. Whether it actively buys and develops land or simply improves its own facilities to draw more interest, port authorities are crucial partners in regional economic development initiatives.
U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals rules against Port of LA; Florida Inland Port signs MOU with Jacksonville Port Authority; Parcel shippers primed for change; Proposed FTZ rules changes threaten U.S. manufacturing.
The upcoming Panama Canal expansion will have a substantial impact on the U.S. supply chain and its efficiencies, writes Gary Forger, Material Handling Industry of America.
Carriers, port authorities, and other service providers are working to keep intermodal going strong. Here’s a look at some of the newest developments in intermodal transportation around North America.
Gil Carmichael, founding chairman of the Intermodal Transportation Institute at the University of Denver, explains how the United States can create new economic vitality by producing a safe, energy efficient, and environmentally friendly multimodal transportation policy in which rail once again plays a dominant role.
Most ports today compete globally with one another and reflect tremendous productivity gains in ocean transport achieved in recent decades. Simon Kaye of Jaguar Freight offers tips on choosing a port with electronic and data processing sophistication.
Christopher Chung, CEO of the Missouri Partnership, describes how Missouri's efficient use of state resources results in efficient transportation that does not compromise safety or customer satisfaction.
Intermodal transportation stitches together Alaska's 663,268 square miles of rugged terrain, presenting challenges and opportunities for intrepid shippers.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's Roadability Rule has shifted responsibility for obtaining and maintaining chassis to shippers and drayage companies.
Where you locate a logistics facility can greatly influence how well your supply chain runs.
Driving across the United States presents insights into the nation’s manufacturing, energy, transportation, and sustainability developments.
Does lingering uncertainty about economic conditions, freight demands, and funding sources pose a threat to industrial real estate development and transportation infrastructure projects?
The U.S. Department of Transportation's second round of stimulus funding for infrastructure development exposes a widening gap between U.S. roads, rails, and bridges and government special interests.
Moving cargo by air in Alaska requires expertise in transportation and logistics management.
The latest round of Department of Transportation TIGER grants continues the spending bias for passenger and other non-freight initiatives.
David Bennett of Schneider Logistics addresses how shippers, ocean carriers, and trucking companies are struggling with responsibility for providing chassis for cargo container units at ports; Boeing appoints new VP to handle 787 Dreamliner delays; companies restructure outsourced technology contracts.
Heineken implements inland barge distribution in Europe; CMA CGM, MSC, and Maersk Line partner to fight piracy; PepsiCo UK and Ireland help farm suppliers cut carbon emissions and water usage; New Dubai Logistics Corridor facilitates UAE trade; Japanese economy shows signs of rebound; Taiwan launches project to improve logistics performance.
Here is a look at the attributes that rank high on the list for any company seeking a location for supply chain activities.
U.S. transportation spending lags, according to Transportation Performance Indexes; International air cargo traffic increases; Ocean volumes rise; Large corporations band together to help smaller suppliers sell goods and services to global companies.
Mexico Taxes U.S. Imports, Audi's carbon friendly cars and carbon friendly transportation, Australia labors over transportation expansion, UPS opens health care logistics hubs in Singapore and China, U.S. football imports from China
Gulf ports maintain container volumes despite Deepwater Horizon oil spill; Supply chain leaders climb the corporate ladder; Toyota Material Handling engineers work with MIT scientists and the U.S. Army to develop a remote-operated fork lift
Spanning the U.S. heartland and reaching into Canada and Mexico, the Ports-to-Plains Alliance corridor links North America’s vital agricultural and industrial communities.
A steady stream of goods passing north and south across the U.S.-Canada border stitches the two nations tightly together, complicated by factors such as customs regulations, security protocols, data exchange, and infrastructure projects.
Logistics leaders can make a difference when they actively collaborate with the government on regulatory issues, workforce training, and infrastructure development, writes John A. Evans, Evans Distribution Systems.
U.S. companies exploring uncharted markets to expand their global presence might consider taking a second pass through Europe for a fresh perspective on transportation best practices.
Inbound Logistics Senior Writer Joseph O'Reilly visits New Jersey's Port Elizabeth, one of the East Coast's busiest intermodal ports.
Inbound Logistics Senior Writer Joseph O'Reilly tours North Carolina's Piedmont Triad, home to a new FedEx hub and growing Aerotropolis.
Public-private partnerships fund transportation projects and make infrastructure improvement a priority.
For Calendar Year 2018 through November, the Port of Savannah has handled 4 million twenty-foot equivalent container units, up from 3.72 million over the same period last year. Containers currently booked for December will add approximately 362,000 TEUs to the annual total.
U.S. Great Lakes ports and the St. Lawrence Seaway had one of their busiest months of the season in October. Overall cargo shipments via the St. Lawrence Seaway totaled 30.5 million metric tons, up four percent over the same period in 2017.
As the historic Erie Canal celebrates its 200th anniversary, it’s also enjoying another milestone: commercial traffic volume that’s five times higher than in recent years.
MAERSK SHANGHAI, a 10,081 TEU container ship, the largest to ever call a Florida deep-water port was at PortMiami.
U.S. port authorities identify more than $20 billion in projected multimodal port and rail access needs over the next decade, while one-third cite pressing rail project needs costing at least $50 million for each of their ports, according to a new American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) survey, The State of Freight III.
The nation’s ports are testing technologies and investing in infrastructure improvements to adapt to a world where the ultimate consumer increasingly embraces Amazon-like expectations.
Despite trade tensions, port business in the United States and Asia is booming, reports the latest Global Kuehne + Nagel Indicators (gKNi).
Warehouses who use this philosophy to create disciplined, rigorous strategies were able to achieve superior results.
The nation's top-performing, most cost-effective highways can be found in North Dakota, Kansas, South Dakota, Nebraska, and South Carolina, according to the latest edition of the Reason Foundation Annual Highway Report.
Port of Rotterdam and IBM develop the model port of the future.
Georgia Ports Authority outlines ambitious growth plans.
Crumbling U.S. transportation infrastructure gets worse every year, and failure to address it soon will leave us in the midst of a crisis we can’t dig out of. There’s no more time to sit on our hands; it’s up to the U.S. government and the private sector to act before we reach a point of no return.
The widening of the Panama Canal ushers in an era of big ships and big opportunities. Companies with a New Jersey location are well-positioned to capitalize on this exciting new era.
Panama Canal welcomes largest capacity container vessel to date through expanded locks; latest research shows a drop in international retailers offering free returns; The global forecast for the refrigerated transport market through 2022; what does the future of marine technology hold
Globalization and technological advancements in refrigerated transportation systems and equipment are driving increased demand for temperature-controlled food across the globe.
Port Everglades' three low-profile Super Post Panamax container-handling gantry cranes will meet demands from current customers and new services anticipated from the port's expansion program.
The big ships are here. At 1,200 feet long and 158 feet wide, the containership COSCO Development is the biggest containership to call The Port of Virginia and the U.S. East Coast.
Only half of the projected number of ships per day are transiting through the new canal locks due to a lack of staff and infrastructure, according to Masters, Mates & Pilots.
Seaports are a vital economic engine for the United States and a huge driver of demand for industrial real estate. Imports represented 63 percent of the total loaded cargo volume in 2017 for the top 13 ports in the United States.
As cargo volumes and the complexity of port operations continue to increase, the Port of Long Beach and GE Transportation are collaborating on a pilot project to improve cargo flow, increase visibility, and enhance real-time decision-making.
Florida's state-of-the-art seaports and airports, and strong highway and rail networks, have helped establish a strong and growing logistics sector.
A robust economy and capital investments help buoy record cargo volumes.
Five trends shaping the maritime industry will also impact shippers: carrier consolidation and alliances, the increasing sizes of ships, ports that have become chokepoints, advancing technology, and increasing concerns about the environmental impact of shipping.
A mix of experienced logistics service providers, resilient infrastructure, flexible transportation options, and a seasoned workforce combine to make Alaska a land of promise for companies doing business with the state.
Terminal operations today leverage highly integrated systems—from vehicle/fleet management, remote crane management, terminal operating systems, gate operation, position detection, and many others. So, how do we make this integration work better? The short answer—simplify and standardize.