How Small Retailers Can Compete with Retail Giants

Q: What is the biggest thing for shippers to consider in their supply chain? A: The one constant trend is the growth in the way we reach consumers. E-commerce sales increased 15.6 percent in 2016, and there are no signs that this trend will slow in the future. Direct to consumer is here for the […]

Does Your TMS Provide you a ClearView?

Q: What are you seeing as the biggest opportunity for TMS functionality? A: Transportation management software (TMS) was developed for the simple task of enforcing carrier routing and producing a shipping label. Web rating, or rate shopping, was a major advancement to the TMS technology industry 10 years ago. Today, very few TMS companies offer […]

Advice for Transportation Departments on Gaining Corporate IT Buy-in for TMS Solutions

Q: What pushback should transportation leaders anticipate from IT when proposing a TMS implementation? A: Corporate IT departments are frequently ambivalent about cooperating; sometimes even actively working to undercut the proposed initiative because there’s a perception that any new enterprise software deployment adds significantly to IT’s workload during implementation, integration, and thereafter with respect to […]

Is a 3PL Not the Best Fit for You?

Q: While some companies have chosen to rely on 3PLs to manage their logistics, Progressive Converting made the choice to keep its logistics in house. Why? MR: Progressive Converting (Pro-Con) is a service provider to the major paper companies. As such, controlling all aspects of the supply chain is critical in delivering value to our […]

Managing Yard Work

Managing Yard Work

By growing driver productivity, weeding out inefficiencies, trimming detention costs, and seeding visibility, yard management systems can fertilize your supply chain.

New Packaging Innovation Center

New Packaging Innovation Center

UPS and Sealed Air Corporation announced the opening of a Packaging Innovation Center in Louisville, Ky. The center will help solve the packaging and shipping challenges of e-commerce retailers by maximizing efficiency, minimizing waste, and reducing shipping costs.   “One of the biggest challenges UPS customers have with e-commerce, and across other industry segments, is […]

Maersk Line Deploys Its First Second Generation Triple-E

On April 27, 2017, Madrid Maersk, a 20,568 TEU container vessel and the first second generation Triple-E, made its maiden voyage. Its first call was the Port of Tianjin in China. Maersk Line has deployed Madrid Maersk in its Asia – Europe service network.  Madrid Maersk is the first in a series of 11 second […]

Supply Chain Talent: Increasingly Challenging to Find

Organizations looking to optimize their supply chain and logistics functions should be on the lookout: There will be shifting demand for supply chain and logistics talent within the next decade. Finding, training, and retaining supply chain and logistics talent is becoming increasingly difficult. In today’s competitive business environment it is crucial to team up with […]

Upcoming Events

MAY 4, 2017 Los Angeles, Calif. Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce 91st Annual World Trade Week Kickoff Breakfast AUDIENCE: Supply chain stakeholders FOCUS: The importance and benefits of global trade on the local and national economy; key technology trends; advanced mapping and analytics MAY 16-17, 2017 Atlanta, Ga. Georgia Center of Innovation for Logistics […]

Commentary: 5 Ways to Reduce Materials Handling Costs

Many behaviors and approaches you can support and reinforce in the workplace can help your business drive down materials handling costs. Space management and damage prevention are two examples of tactics you can take to minimize losses from your budget and drive the bottom line. Here are five ways to reduce the materials handling costs […]

Transportation & Services Update

Transportation & Services Update

Services • Maersk Container Industry expanded its reefer container system for the ocean transport of high-value fresh produce. By controlling the ripening process, the new Star Cool CA+ system keeps sensitive low-respiring perishables such as blueberries and lychee in optimal condition so they don’t over-ripen or decay in transit. Compared to high-respiring perishables such as […]

Ocean Freight Visibility on the Horizon?

Ocean Freight Visibility on the Horizon?

Inbound Logistics attended the Digital Difference event in NYC where Maersk unveiled its partnership with Microsoft. What does that mean for ocean shippers? The possibilities are exciting. In the works… Connected vessels: Ships “talk” to each other to improve performance and make shippers’ supply chains more predictable. Actionable data: Shippers can see exactly where their […]

Latest Logistics Technology 

• FR8 Revolution, a developer of cloud-based tools for freight transportation, launched the FR8Star Heavy Haul Marketplace at FR8Star’s marketplace includes a rate calculator for pricing oversize/overweight loads. Shippers of these loads can get pricing estimates and shipping routes, and request quotes directly from carriers. Shippers and carriers complete their contract directly through the […]

Optimizing Your Distribution Center Site

Maximizing the efficiency of your distribution center (DC) site requires strategic planning and ongoing analysis. Stan Krawitz, executive vice president, founder, and head of Canada for real estate advisory firm Savills Studley, offers these tips to help you get started. 1. Select a site location with labor pool availability in mind. When selecting a DC site, […]

 Where Global Logistics Brands Stand

UPS remains the world’s most valuable logistics brand at US$22 billion, while TNT Express’s brand value dropped 42 percent, making it the fastest-falling brand in 2017. That’s according to valuation and strategy consultancy Brand Finance, which values the brands of thousands of the world’s biggest companies. The company first evaluates brands to determine their power/strength […]

Warehouses Eye Robots 

Warehouses Eye Robots 

To better serve customers and remain globally competitive, warehousing and logistics providers are continuing to evaluate robotics solutions. While robotics technology has already made an economic impact on the manufacturing sector, it is now starting to transform supply chain operations to be faster, safer, and more productive. The demand for robots, and the supply of […]

Trade With China: A Question of Balance

Trade With China: A Question of Balance

President Trump hasn’t been shy about his desire to put America on more equal trade footing with China, but business leaders have traditionally fought against efforts to force the trade rival into an agreement that’s more equitable for both sides. Dissent is growing, however, according to the American Chamber of Commerce in China’s (AmChamChina) 2017 Business […]

Can Forwarders Survive an App Attack?

Can Forwarders Survive an App Attack?

With rumors that Uber and Amazon may be about to launch their own global freight brokerage businesses, traditional forwarders and brokers are understandably nervous. But the British International Freight Association (BIFA) reacts to current speculation by underlining "the vastly challenging and circuitous landscape" that forwarders and brokers operate in daily. Uber has already soft-launched Uber […]

U.S. Infrastructure Still at the Bottom of the Class

Every four years, the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) issues an Infrastructure Report Card that thoroughly analyzes and grades U.S. infrastructure in the form of a school report card. In 2013, the United States was at risk of failing its infrastructure class, squeaking by with a grade of D+. In 2017, after four years […]

Valerie Young: 2020 Vision

Valerie Young: 2020 Vision

Valerie Young is vice president of global supply chain services and operations with 3M. She has held this position since 2016. Responsibilities Driving global supply chain strategy, regionalizing supply chains, leveraging disruptive technology, and harmonizing global processes for improved service, inventory position, and productivity. Experience Director of manufacturing and supply chain, business services director, Lean […]

Shannon Vaillancourt

The Answer to Logistics Problems is Always in the Data

Q: How can data solve logistics problems for shippers? A: The right data can create the intelligence required to know where to begin to solve many common problems. These can include freight costs that are too high, transit times that are too long or not charging enough for freight. Many shippers have good rates, but […]

Robert Finn

The Keys to Dangerous Goods/Hazmat Shipping Compliance

Dangerous goods (DG)/hazardous materials (hazmat) transport safety and compliance can be challenging, but the right infrastructure and technology can mitigate risk and give your business a competitive edge. There has always been some degree of risk involved in transporting dangerous goods and hazardous materials, with the responsibility for compliance typically assigned solely to the compliance […]

Jean-Pierre Geronimi

5 Ways to Cut the Risk of Cargo Theft

Risk models provide a key advantage to firms operating globally, and are the first step in identifying key trade lanes, business partners, and the areas most likely to cause harm. The more you know, the easier it is to manage the risk. While risk modeling is an important part of the Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism […]

Alaska: Conquering The Last Frontier

Alaska: Conquering The Last Frontier

Alaska has much to offer. It encompasses nearly 600,000 square miles, is home to one of the largest oil fields in North America, and boasts breathtaking scenery. It also presents logistics challenges and requires experienced service providers to weather any storm.

Stephen Wilson

The Advantages of a Pop Up Supply Chain

Q: How can I keep up with volume surges with minimal disruption? A: If you find yourself looking at a significant volume surge that is temporary, it is a good time to think about a pop up supply chain. Surges like this can put strain on the current infrastructure you have built and disrupt daily […]

Can Exception Management be Automated?

Q: Managing exceptions in freight settlement is, by definition, a manual process even when a shipper has a transportation management system (TMS) and freight payment/audit solution in place. Why can’t exception management be automated? A: The truth is, it can be, and to a surprisingly high degree. Significant exceptions such as large discrepancies in rates […]

The Wave of New Technologies in Logistics Requires Data Management Excellence

Q: Technology seems to be having its moment in the logistics space. What do things like the Internet of Things, Big Data, and Blockchain mean for shippers and logistics providers? A: These elements are becoming critical parts of modern supply chains because they allow companies to harness data they might already have, or incorporate previously […]

Dan Sellers

Shopping for a Transportation Management System: Factors to Consider

Is your organization seeking to replace its current Transportation Management System (TMS) or obtain a TMS for the first time? Besides the obvious factors, such as overall cost, functionality that meets your requirements, and the ability to integrate with your current system and trading partners, below are five points to consider when shopping for a […]

No Shortcuts to Success

No Shortcuts to Success

To hear Jeff Silver tell it, the secret to his success as a logistics leader sounds simple: He was the right person in the right place at the right time. "I came into the industry just after it had been deregulated, with a bit of IT knowledge and capability," says Silver, CEO of Coyote Logistics, […]

Doug Surrett

Global Trade Network: A Strategic, Competitive Asset

Q: Why do companies have such a hard time embracing global trade management? A: The Amazon effect is wreaking havoc on supply chains globally. Consumers are buying online from everywhere in the world and expecting delivery in one to two days. International shipping presents real challenges for suppliers and shippers attempting to keep up with […]

Frank McGuigan

Consumer Demand Helping Drive 3PL Industry Growth

In recent years, shippers have encountered new standards of velocity, market choice, and cost for their products. Consumers are demanding better variety and greater availability at the lowest possible cost. These demands put increasing pressure on retailers, who in turn, pass that burden on to their suppliers—further increasing complexity and intensifying pressure on supply chains. […]

Gaining Visibility Through Data

Q: Data impacts the way many organizations make decisions. Can a freight audit and payment system provide added visibility? A: If shippers don’t have valid insight, they can’t make valid decisions. Data analysis and benchmarking can provide this visibility, allowing shippers to identify outliers in performance and cost. Yet most companies don’t have the technology […]

We’ve Been Together for 35 Years 

This month marks my 35th anniversary of serving readers as editor of Inbound Logistics. That milestone gave me reason to look back while developing and editing the content for this annual logistics technology issue. Three decades ago, logistics technology primarily consisted of typewriters, pens and pencils, ledgers, paper maps, and hand-typed bills of lading and […]

Ty Bordner

Achieving Greater Visibility and Agility

Pressure for lower FOB prices while dealing with the upward movement of production is the biggest challenge for retailers today. And all of this comes at a time when companies are under intense pressure to meet the fast-evolving demands of every-channel retail, where consumers expect a more convenient shopping experience, as well as a superior […]

Brad Hollister

TMS Launches New Era: Control Tower Visibility

It wasn’t long ago that top executives around the world had to be convinced why they needed accounting software to run their companies. Today it is unthinkable of any company operating without accounting software to manage their company’s finances. The importance of technology in shipping is starting to reach this same critical point for most […]

Blockchain Set to Shake Up Shipping

International trade is a maze of regulations, and mostly manual, inefficient processes that lack transparency. This is all about to radically change with blockchain technology. Shipping today is riddled with documentation, regulations, and policies that require certificates of origin, letters of credit, bills of lading, vessel manifests, and customs declarations. Blockchain converts documents, such as […]

Roei Ganzarski

3 Steps to a Demand-Driven Supply Chain

The on-demand economy means customers expect instant gratification via immediate access and convenient delivery options. Companies must adapt and start optimizing their supply chains to stay competitive. Many companies are still supply driven, constrained by resource capacity, archaic scheduling technologies, and inefficient decision-making. Typically, these businesses match demand by increasing the supply and infrastructure to […]

Samuel Mueller

Turn to Technology to Attract the Next Generation of Workers

Supply chain stakeholders have to acknowledge the shortage of workers in the supply chain sector. An estimated 600,000 manufacturing positions in the United States are going unfulfilled due to a lack of qualified workers, according to the 2016 MHI Annual Industry Report. Additionally the survey showed that 58 percent of respondents face a significant challenge […]

Glenn Clinger

Truck Driver Health Should Drive Business Decisions

Truck drivers are vital to the flow of the supply chain yet this key resource is being drained at an alarming rate. The average life expectancy for long-haul truck drivers is 61 years. As the current truck driver workforce ages and with fewer young people choosing a career as a truck driver, it leaves the […]

Helen Sabell

5 Hacks for Recruiting in Supply Chain Management

Supply chain and logistics requires innovative, logical thinkers to be recruited in order to compete with rapid technology advancements and global expansion. Finding the right candidate for your business is a challenge that requires broad advertising, rigorous interviews, and ultimately some give and take from both sides. Not only does the individual need to be […]

Adding Value to Your Supply Chain

Demand to provide the optimal customer experience continues to escalate, and companies must continually seek out better ways to deliver customer satisfaction and retention. Many companies find that value-added logistics services help give their supply chain a competitive edge. Once limited to services such as shrink-wrapping, display building, and rainbow pallets, value-added capabilities now include […]

Incoterms: Playing by the Rules

Incoterms: Playing by the Rules

When doing business globally, who pays the freight, you or your vendor? Who assumes the risk if cargo is damaged? Enter Incoterms, a set of international rules that interprets the most commonly used trade terms.

Diane Mitchell

Most Mid-Market Supply Chains Are Under-Served

On average, mid-market supply chains ($50M to $150M) replace their supply chain providers every two to three years. The two overwhelming reasons why are because they don’t realize continuous return on investment (ROI) improvement and they lack strategic account support. Mid-market supply chain owners are caught in a conundrum: They’re too big for the small […]

Keith Biondo

Redefining Globalism?

Not long ago, Deutsche Bank, Thomas Friedman, and many economic experts announced that globalism is dead. Even technology visionary Peter Thiel recently said, "The tide on globalism is going out." Deutsche Bank chief strategist George Saravelos frames globalism’s death notice this way: "The world has been on a ‘globalizing’ trend since the end of World […]

GOOD QUESTION | What part of working in supply chain do you find the most rewarding?

GOOD QUESTION | What part of working in supply chain do you find the most rewarding?

We have a material impact on the experience our clients deliver for their customers. The convergence of technology and physical movement makes supply chain automation exciting and rewarding. The ability of leaders in the space to use logistics as a competitive differentiator has made it even more interesting. Chris Lingamfelter President, White Systems For me, […]

Clear Direction, Abundant Communication

Clear Direction, Abundant Communication

Manny Calandrino got his first job in a trucking company in 1976, in the customer service and overage/shortage/damages department. Working his way from this entry-level position through every department, he discovered that what had started as just a job had grown into his career. MORE TO THE STORY: Wanted: Well-Rounded Entrepreneurs “I fell in love […]

Tom Ciepichal: Centered On Supply Chain Strategy

Tom Ciepichal: Centered On Supply Chain Strategy

Tom Ciepichal is vice president, operational excellence and supply chain, with Dover Energy, a segment of Dover Corporation, a global manufacturer of equipment, components, and specialty systems in energy, engineered systems, fluids, and refrigeration and food equipment. He has held this position since 2016. Responsibilities: Continuous improvement, transformation, and operational excellence in the supply chain. […]

Trends—March 2017

Trends—March 2017

Freight Rails Make Federal Case for Funding Private funding for infrastructure is a valuable tool that can save money for the American taxpayer, but it isn’t a be-all, end-all solution to U.S. transportation problems. Transportation executives took to Capitol Hill in February 2017 to plead with the Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation subcommittee to provide […]

Global Logistics—March 2017

Global Logistics—March 2017

Canada and EU Spell Out Free Trade Agreement to Reduce Tariffs, Open Market Access After much debate, the European Union (EU) and Canada approved the controversial Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). While some parts of the deal regarding foreign direct investment still require approval from individual governments—a process that could take years—CETA will soon […]

Enabling a Faster-to-Market Solution

Enabling a Faster-to-Market Solution

Fast growth in ever-expanding global markets, and the need to serve its retail and online clients in Asian markets, drove home furnishings retailer Cath Kidston to approach SEKO for a solution.

Kae-Por Chang

How to Reap the Benefits of Asian Free Trade Agreements

Asian governments began developing bilateral free trade agreements (FTA) in addition to region-based multilateral agreements in 2000. These bilateral agreements were viewed as easier to negotiate and provided a quicker way to open up new export markets. The growth of bilateral FTAs in this region has led to what many economists refer to as the […]

William Salter

Mastering Logistics Complexity: How to Take Control With Technology

There was a time when road distribution was either local delivery from local producers, or the ‘final mile’ delivery of goods that had been transported longer distances by rail or interstate highway first. The typical journey was either point to point or a regular circuit of collections and drops. An experienced transport manager, or even […]

Caroline Lyle

Winning on Your Terms

In an age when so many conversations begin with, "Have you heard what Amazon just announced?," wouldn’t it be nice to have your competitors worry about your latest supply chain success? It’s rather easy to become distracted by the daily activities of the world’s largest retailer. But keeping our collective eye on the ball has […]

Robert Walters

What Your Transportation Management System Should Provide

The transportation and logistics world is abuzz with the need for ever stronger and more diverse transportation management systems (TMS). This is apparently true for small and large shippers alike. And in today’s world of diverse rates and worldwide shipping operations, both inbound and outbound, the need grows stronger each year. So what should a […]

Andre Smith

Testing the Quality of Logistics-Critical Applications

Deploying applications quickly and affordably, and ensuring those systems perform as promised, will be a key to success in tomorrow’s freight and logistics sector. You no doubt recognize the need for robust apps testing. Often the challenge is finding the tools and capacity to break the testing logjam—and to accelerate your time to innovation. Software […]

Paul A. Myerson

Predictive Analytics Takes Forecasting to a New Level

Technology users in 2012 generated 2.5 exabytes of data per day, three-quarters of which is text, audio, or video messages. That’s a lot of data for companies to review and potentially leverage, and is one reason for the increasing use of predictive analytics, a cost-effective way to filter through and utilize large amounts of data. […]

Sean Riley

Today’s Competitive Supply Chain: Digital, Smaller, More Resilient

Historically, the supply chain and manufacturing industry has been relatively slow to embrace the opportunities presented by the digital revolution. Technology is advancing quickly, and it’s time to buck this trend. Whether it’s recognizing the crucial strategic strength and impact offered by the Internet of Things (IoT), taking advantage of the dramatic increase in automation, […]

Jacob Olcott

Defending Your Supply Chain Against Hackers

As organizations continue to outsource, form partnerships, and share data with third parties, a strong vendor risk management (VRM) program that stays ahead of risks in the information supply chain has to be a top priority. Hackers stole confidential data from tens of millions of Target customers during the height of the holiday shopping season. […]

Retail Logistics Bets on E-Commerce

Retail Logistics Bets on E-Commerce

For retailers, e-commerce—and its impact on supply chain management—is no longer a roll of the dice; it’s a sure thing. Here’s how successful retailers beat the odds.

Jeff Luthman

Extending the Life Sciences and Pharmaceutical Supply Chain

In the life science and pharmaceutical area, an inefficient supply chain can cause serious problems including product degradation and late deliveries of life-saving medications. Third-party logistics (3PL) providers specialize in streamlining their customers’ supply chains, merging logistics expertise with state-of-the-art innovations. While manufacturers search for ways to distinguish products in a competitive marketplace, many do […]

Inna Kuznetsova

Advantages of Digital Technology

Q: INTTRA recently celebrated its 15th anniversary. Can you describe how digitization in ocean shipping has evolved since 2001? A: Some carriers and shippers moved to adopt standardizing form exchanges early on; then bespoke, single-process products (e.g., rates management), and later ERP systems. Cloud-based Transportation Management Systems (TMS) allowing shippers to avoid expensive in-house implementations […]

Darrell Ortiz

How to Meet Global Shipment Compliance Challenges

Q: What role does technology play in meeting today’s challenges of global shipment compliance? A: Today’s complexities in managing export and import shipments are evident. When U.S. Customs announced the requirement of Sea AMS filing, which is also known as the 24-Hour Rule, it started a wave of technology enhancements throughout the globe requiring all […]

Spencer Moore

Walmart’s ShippingPass Has Ended. What Retailers Should Do Next.

The shipping wars between Walmart and Amazon are heating up. On Jan. 31, 2017, Walmart halted its ShippingPass delivery service in exchange for free two-day shipping—signaling their latest move against Amazon. As more retailers offer free shipping, today’s consumers now expect online purchases to be delivered “fast and free.” Evolving customer expectations for delivery are […]

Mitch Weseley

The Whole Industry Is Struggling to Define TMS. Here’s My Take.

I’ve been in the transportation sector for more than 30 years and wrote the first transportation management system (TMS) as a developer back in the ’80s. Since then, the term “TMS” has come to mean many different things. Today, it covers different product classes; many transportation software vendors refer to themselves as a TMS provider […]

Brandon Stallard

Why the ‘Shareconomy’ Is the Future of Logistics

The idea of a global shared economy—which has given rise to businesses such as Uber, Lyft, and Airbnb that share resources among user bases—is projected by PwC to generate revenue of at least $335 billion by 2025. An increasingly popular concept made possible by new technology platforms, fueled by the idea of collaborative consumption, the […]

Bill Ambrose

Weighing In on the Latest Trends in Weighing Technology

Professionals involved in logistics, transportation, and the supply chain can attest to the weighty role that weighing technology plays and how it has evolved to help organizations achieve commercial goals and stay competitive. Weighing systems play a critical role across the gamut of industry, providing companies with vital information that enables them to improve their […]

Download the Inbound Logistics Planner App Today

Find the right solutions, carriers and partners to drive efficiency in your supply chain operations and enable your enterprise to navigate the twists and turns, ups and downs of the coming year. The Logistics Planner, 25 years strong, is updated this month with profiles of leaders in transportation, technology, logistics, supply chain management, education and […]

Kyle Martin

Supply Chain in the Cloud: How Tech Is Reshaping Logistics

In warehouses, on roads, and in corporate offices, technology is evolving every facet of logistics. From basic improvements like streamlining operations and increasing process efficiency to fully automating delivery trucks, technology is enabling much smarter, simpler supply chain management. Below are three emerging technologies reshaping the logistics industry: RFID Technologies The replacement of traditional barcodes […]

Keith Biondo

Flight of Fancy (Revisited)

[This was originally published in June 2003, but with Amazon’s recent drone patent filing, we thought you’d enjoy the look back.] Back in 2023 Paul MacCready’s famous company, Aerovironment Corp., brought to market an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) that revolutionized expedited and emergency transport services in America. That was seven years ago. Since then, the […]

Choosing a Yard Management System

A yard management system (YMS) can provide significant benefits to your operation. Despite this, the yard is often the last area to automate and many operations still manage their yards with radios and clipboards. Greg Braun, senior vice president of sales and marketing with C3 Solutions, provides these pointers to help you select a YMS. […]

Sound Strategy, Talented Team

Sound Strategy, Talented Team

If there’s a secret to Cliff Otto’s leadership, it’s his focus on people. “One of the most important things I’ve learned is to hire the best people you can find, and challenge them with opportunities that make them grow,” he says. MORE TO THE STORY: Advice for the Next Generation Otto joined Saddle Creek Logistics […]

Jonathan Parks: Planning is Key, to Say the Leased

Jonathan Parks: Planning is Key, to Say the Leased

Jonathan Parks is vice president of global logistics and distribution with Rent-A-Center, which offers name-brand furniture, electronics, appliances, and computers through flexible rental purchase agreements. He started with the company in 2010 and has held this position since 2015. Responsibilities: The design, management, and continual optimization of distribution and logistics operations. Experience: Positions in logistics, […]

Trends—February 2017

Trends—February 2017

Trump Administration: Make America Freight Again Promises to repair, restore, and improve U.S. infrastructure became one of Donald Trump’s primary campaign themes. Now that his term has officially begun, his administration has taken steps to follow through on those promises. The President’s team created a list of 50 infrastructure projects that will be a top […]

Global Logistics—February 2017

Global Logistics—February 2017

Mexican Border Wall Becoming Trade Barrier The battle over NAFTA renegotiation and trade between the United States and Mexico has been tied into the building of the border wall between the two nations promised by President Donald Trump on the campaign trail. Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto refused to discuss the idea of Mexico paying […]